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(1) Fleischmann, M. and Pons, S. 1989. "Electrochemically Induced Nuclear Fusion of Deuterium", J. Electroanal. Chem., 261, 301; errata 1989. 263, 187 See also: Fleischmann, M., Pons, S., Anderson, M. W., Li, L. J., and Hawkins, M. 1990. "Calorimetry of the Palladium-Deuterium-Heavy Water System", J. Electroanal. Chem., 287, 293 and Fleischmann, M., and Pons, S. 1993. "Calorimetry of the Pd-D2O System: From Simplicity Via Complications to Simplicity", Phys. Lett. A, 176, 118

(2) Storms, E. K. 1996. "A Review of the Cold Fusion Effect", J. Sci. Exploration, 10, #2, 185 (full text in: http://www.jse.com/storms/1.html).

(3) Storms, E. K. 1998, "Cold Fusion Revisited", Infinite Energy , 4, #21, 16.

(4) Bockris, J. O'M., Lin, G.H., and Packham, N. 1990. "A Review of the Investigations of the Fleischmann-Pons Phenomena", Fusion Technol., 18, 11.

(5) A listing can be obtained from H. Fox, Future Energy Applied Technology, P.O. Box 58639, Salt Lake City, UT 84158 or on the internet from Dieter Britz at http://kemi.aau.dk/~db/fusion/

(6) The electrolytic technique is claimed to produce excess power when titanium, platinum, or gold are used as the cathode in heavy-water and when nickel is used in light water. Fused salts have also been successful as an electrolyte with palladium as the cathode. Many other techniques which do not involve electrolysis have also reported success.

(7) Swartz, M. 1993. "Some Lessons From Optical Examination of the PFC Phase-II Calorimetric Curves", Proc. Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion, Dec. 6-9, Lahaina, Maui, EPRI TR-104188-V2 (1994), published by Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, CA 94304, Vol. 2, p. 19.

(8) Noninski, V. C., and Noninski, C. I. 1993. "Notes on Two Papers Claiming No Evidence for the Existence of Excess Energy During the Electrolysis of 0.1 M LiOD/D2O with Palladium Cathodes", Fusion Technol., 23, 474.

(9) Miles, M., and Bush, B. F. 1992. " Calorimetric Principles and Problems in Pd-D2O Electrolysis", Proc. Third International Conference on Cold Fusion, October 21-25, Nagoya Japan, "Frontiers of Cold Fusion", (H. Ikegami, ed), published by Universal Academy Press, Inc., Tokyo, Japan, p. 113.

(10) Hansen, W. N., and Melich, M. E. 1993. " Pd/D Calorimetry- The Key to the F/P Effect and a Challenge to Science", Proc. Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion, Lahaina, Maui, Dec. 6-9. EPRI TR-104188-V2 (1994), published by Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, CA 94304, Vol. 2, p. 11. See also: ibid, 1994. Trans. Fusion Technol. 26, #4T, 355.

(11) Huizenga, J. R. 1993. Cold fusion, the scientific fiasco of the century, Oxford Univ. Press, NY.

(12) Storms, E. K. 1995. "Transcript of a talk given by Dr. Edmund Storms at the Fifth International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF5), April 9-13, 1995, in Monte Carlo, Monaco", Infinite Energy 1, #4, 32.

(13) Kreysa, G., Marx, G. and Plieth, W. 1989. "A Critical Analysis of Electro-chemical Nuclear Fusion Experiments.", J. Electroanal. Chem. 266, 437.

(14) Pons, S. and Fleischmann, M. 1990. "Calorimetric Measurements of the Palladium/Deuterium System: Fact and Fiction", Fusion Technol. 17, 669.

(15) Jones, J. E., Hansen, L. D., Jones, S. E., Shelton, D. S., and Thorne, J. M. 1995. "Faradaic Efficiencies Less Than 100% during Electrolysis of Water Can Account for Reports of Excess Heat in "Cold Fusion" Cells", J. Phys. Chem. 99, 6973.

(16) Will, F. G. 1997. "Hydrogen + Oxygen Recombination and Related Heat Generation in Undivided Electrolysis Cells", J. Electroanal. Chem. 426, 177.

(17) D. Morrison, http://www.scientificamerican.com/askexpert/physics/physics6.html.

(18) Divisek, J., Fürst, L., and Balej, J. 1990. "Energy Balance of D2O Electrolysis with a Palladium Cathode. Part II. Experimental Results", J. Electroanal. Chem. 278, 99.

(19) Miskelly, G. M., Heben, M. J., Kumar, A., Penner, R. M., Sailor, M. J., and Lewis, N. S. 1989. "Analysis of the Published Calorimetric Evidence for Electrochemical Fusion of Deuterium in Palladium", Science 246, 793.

(20) American Physical Society Meeting, Baltimore, MD, May 1-2, 1989.

(21) Klein, A. C., Zahm, L. L., Binney, S. E., Reyes, Jr., J. N., Higginbotham, J. F., Robinson, A. H., Daniels, M., and Peterson, R. B. 1990. "Anomalous Heat Output from Pd Cathodes Without Detectable Nuclear Products", Proc. Anomalous Nuclear Effects in Deuterium/Solid Systems, Provo, UT, Oct. 22-23, p. 247.

(22) Takahashi, A., Mega, A., Takeuchi, T., Miyamaru, H., and Iida, T. 1992. "Anomalous Excess Heat by D2O/Pd Cell Under L-H Mode Electrolysis", Proc. Third International Conference on Cold Fusion, October 21-25, 1992, Nagoya Japan, Frontiers of Cold Fusion, (H. Ikegami, ed), p. 79. See also: Takahashi, A. 1992. "Nuclear Products by D2O/Pd Electrolysis and Multibody Fusion", Proc. Int. Symp. Nonlinear Phenom. in Electromagnetic Fields, ISEM-Nagoya, Jan. 27-29.

(23) Guruswamy, S., Byrne, J.G., Li, J., and Wadsworth, M.E. 1989. "Metallurgical Aspects of the Electrochemical Loading of Palladium with Deuterium", Workshop on Cold Fusion Phenomena, Santa Fe, NM, May 23.

(24) Pons, S., and Fleischmann, M. 1990. "Calorimetry of the Palladium-Deuterium System", Proc. of The First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion, March 28-31, University of Utah Research Park, Salt Lake City, Utah, p. 1.

(25) Storms, E. K. 1999. "My Life with Cold Fusion as a Reluctant Mistress", Inifinite Energy 4, #24, 42.

(26) Wilson, R. H., Bray, J. W., Kosky, P. G., Vakil, H. B., and Will, F. G. 1992. "Analysis of Experiments on Calorimetry of LiOD/D2O Electrochemical Cells", J. Electroanal. Chem. 332, 1.

(27) Hansen, W. N. 1991. "Report to the Utah State Fusion/Energy Council on the Analysis of Selected Pons Fleischmann Calorimetric Data", Proc. of the Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion, Como, Italy, June 29--July 4, The Science of Cold Fusion, Vol. 33 (T. Bressani, E. Del Giudice and G. Preparata, eds), Published by Societa Italiana di Fisica, p. 491. See also: Hansen, W. N., and Melich, M. E. 1994. "Pd/D calorimrtry - The key to the F/P effect and a challengre to science", Trans. Fusion Technol. 26, #4T, 355.

(28) Saito, T., Sumi, M., Asami, N., and Ikegami, H. 1995. "Studies on Fleishmann-Pons Calorimetry with ICARUS 1", Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion, Monte-Carlo, Monaco April 9 - 13, IMRA Europe, Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France (1995), p. 105.

(29) Fleischmann, M., Pons, S., Anderson, M. W., Li, L. J., and Hawkins, M. 1990. "Calorimetry of the Palladium-Deuterium-Heavy Water System", J. Electroanal. Chem. 287, 293.

(30) Pons, S., and Fleischmann, M. 1991."The Calorimetry of Electrode Reactions and Measurements of Excess Enthalpy Generation in the Electrolysis of D2O Using Pd-based Cathodes", Proc. of the Second Annual Conference on Cold Fusion, Como, Italy, June 29--July 4, The Science of Cold Fusion, Vol. 33 (T. Bressani, E. Del Giudice and G. Preparata, eds), Published by Societa Italiana di Fisica, p.349.

(31) Fleischmann, M., Pons, S., Le Roux, M., and Roulette, J. 1993. "Calorimetry of the Pd-D2O System: The Search for Simplicity and Accuracy", Proc. Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion, Lahaina, Maui, Dec. 6-9, 1993. EPRI TR-104188-V1 (1994), published by Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, CA 94304, Vol. 1, p. 1. See also: Trans. Fusion Technol. 26, #4T (1994) 323.

(32) Pons, S., and Fleischmann, M. 1990. "Calorimetric Measurements of the Palladium/Deuterium System: Fact and Fiction", Fusion Technol. 17, 669.

(33) Mengoli, G., Bernardini, M., Manduchi , C., and Zannoni, G. 1998. "Calorimetry close to the boiling temperature of the D2O/Pd electrolytic system", J. Electroanal. Chem. 444, 155.

(34) Pons, S., and Fleischmann, M. 1994. "Heat after death", Trans. Fusion Technol. 26, #4T, 87. See also: Fleischmann, M. and Pons, S. 1993. "Calorimetry of the Pd-D2O System: From Simplicity Via Complications to Simplicity", Phys. Lett. A 176, 118.

(35) Storms, E. K. 1991. "Review of Experimental Observations About the Cold Fusion Effect", Fusion Technol. 20, 433.

(36) This graph also demonstrates that many replications of the Pons-Fleischmann heat claims were available just two years after the initial anouncement.

(37) Kainthla, R. R., Szklarczyk, M., Kaba, L., Lin, G. H., Velev, O., Packham, N. J. C., Wass, J. C., and Bockris, J. O'M. 1989. "Eight Chemical Explanations of the Fleischmann-Pons Effect", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 14 [11], 771.

(38) Handel, P. 1993. "Subtraction of a New Thermo-Electromechanical Effect from the Excess Heat, and the Emerging Avenues to Cold Fusion", Proc. Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion, Lahaina, Maui, Dec. 6-9, 1993. EPRI TR-104188-V2 (1994), published by Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, CA 94304, Vol. 2, p. 7.

(39) Balej, J., and Divisek, J. 1989. "Energy Balance of D2O Electrolysis with a Palladium Cathode. Part I. Theoretical relations", J. Electroanal. Chem. 278, 85.

(40) Berlouis, L. E. A., Hall, P. J., MacKinnon, A. J., Wark, A.W., Manuelli, D., Gervais, V. and Robertson, J. E. 1997. "The Decomposition of Electrchemically Loaded Palladium Hydride: a Thermal Analysis Study", J. Alloys and Compounds 253-254, 207.

(41) Mills, R., and Kneizys, S. P. 1991. "Excess Heat Production by the Electrolysis of an Aqueous Potassium Carbonate Electrolyte and the Implications for Cold Fusion", Fusion Technol. 20, 65.

(42) Mills, R. L., Good, W. R., and Shaubach, R. M. 1994. "Dihydrino Molecule Identification", Fusion Technol. 25, 103.

(43) McKubre, M., Bush, B., Crouch-Baker, S., Hauser, A., Jevtic, N., Smedley, S., Srinivasan, M., Tanzella, F., Williams, M., and Wing, S. 1993. "Loading, Calorimeteric and Nuclear Investigation of the D/Pd System", Proc. Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion, Lahaina, Maui, Dec. 6-9, 1993. EPRI TR-104188-V1 (1994), published by Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, CA 94304, Vol. 1, p. 5; See also: McKubre, M. C. H., Crouch-Baker, S., Tanzella, F. L., Smedley, S. I., Williams, M., Wing, S., Maly-Schreiber, M., Rocha-Fiho, R. C., Searson, P. C., Pronko, J. G., and Kohler, D. A. 1994. "Development of Advanced Concepts for Nuclear Processes in Deuterated Metals", Final Report, EPRI TR-104195, Aug.

(44) McKubre, M. C. H., Crouch-Baker, S., Rocha-Filho, R. C., Smedley, S. I., Tanzella, F. L., Passell, T. O., and Santucci, J. 1994. "Isothermal Flow Calorimetric Investigations of the D/Pd and H/Pd Systems", J. Electroanal. Chem. 368, 55.

(45) McKubre,. M 1999. private communication.

(46) Bruggeman, A. M., Loos, Van der Poorten, C., Craps, R., Leysen, R., Poortmans, F., Verstappen, G., Snykers, M. 1989. "Experimental Evidence of Erroneous Heat Production in Cold Fusion Experiments", FT/MOL/89-06, Studiecentrum Voor Kernenenergie (Sept. 1989).

(47) McKubre, M. C., Crouch-Baker, A., Hauser, K., Smedley, S. I., Tanzella, F. L., Williams, M. S., and Wing, S. S. 1995. "Concerning Reproducibility of Excess Power Production", Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Cold Fusion, Monte-Carlo, Monaco April 9 - 13, IMRA Europe, Sophia Antipolis Cedex, France, p. 17.

(48) Hasegewa, H., Hayakawa, N., Tsuchida, Y., Yamamoto, Y., and Kunimatsu, K. 1993. " Observation of Excess Heat During Electrolysis of 1M LiOD in a Fuel Cell Type Closed Cell", Proc. Fourth International Conference on Cold Fusion, Lahaina, Maui, Dec. 6-9, EPRI TR-104188-V1 (1994), published by Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Ave., Palo Alto, CA 94304, Vol.1, p. 3.

(49) Kunimatsu, K., Hasegawa, N., Kubota, A., Imai, N., Ishikawa, M., Akita, H., and Tsuchida, Y. 1992. "Deuterium Loading Ratio and Excess Hea Generated during Electrolysis of Heavy Water by a Palladium Cathode in a Closed Cell using a Partially Immersed Fuel Cell Anode", Proc. Third International Conf. on Cold Fusion, Frontiers of Cold Fusion, Nagoya Japan, October 21-25, p. 31. Universal Academy Press, Inc., Tokyo.

(50) Storms, E. K. 1996. "A Study of Those Properties of Palladium That Influence Excess Energy Production by the "Pons-Fleischmann" Effect", Infinite Energy 2, #8, 50.

(51) McKubre, M.C.H., and Tanzella, F.L. 1998. "Materials Issues of Loading Deuterium into Palladium and the Association with Excess Heat Production", Proceedings of The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion, Vancouver, Canada, April 19-24, 1998, ENECO, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT., page 230.

(52) Takahashi, A. 1998. "Results of Experimental Studies on Excess Heat vs Nuclear Products Correlation and Conceivable Reaction Model" Proc. of The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion, Vancouver, Canada, April 19-24, 1998, ENECO, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT, page 378. See also: Miyamaru, H. and Takahashi, A. 1992." Periodically Current-Controlled Electrolysis of D2O/Pd System for Excess Heat Production", Proc. Third International Conference on Cold Fusion, October 21-25, Nagoya Japan, Frontiers of Cold Fusion, (H. Ikegami, ed), published by Universal Academy Press, Inc., Tokyo, Japan, p. 393.

(53) Storms, E. K. 1993. "Measurements of Excess Heat from a Pons-Fleischmann Type Electrolytic Cell Using Palladium Sheet", Fusion Technol. 23, 230.

(54) Kobayashi, K., Imai, N., Hasegawa, N., Kubota, A., and Kunimatsu, K. 1992. "Measurements of D/Pd and Excess Heat during Electrolysis of LiOD in a Fuel-Cell Type Closed Cell Using a Palladium Sheet Cathode", Proc. Third International Conference on Cold Fusion, October 21-25, Nagoya Japan, Frontiers of Cold Fusion, (H. Ikegami, ed), published by Universal Academy Press, Inc., Tokyo, Japan, p. 385.

(55) Ota, K., Kobayashi, T., Motohira, N., and Kamiya, N. 1998. "Heat Measurement During the Heavy Water Electrolysis using Pd Cathode", Proceedings of The Seventh International Conference on Cold Fusion, Vancouver, Canada, April 19-24, 1998, ENECO, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT. (1998), page 297.

(56) Miles, M. H., and Bush, B. 1992. "D2O Electrolysis Using Palladium Cathodes", Proc. Third International Conference on Cold Fusion, October 21-25, 1992, Nagoya Japan, Frontiers of Cold Fusion, (H. Ikegami, ed), published by Universal Academy Press, Inc., Tokyo, Japan, p. 189. See also: Miles, M. H., and Bush, B. F. 1992. "Search for Anomalous Effects Involving Excess Power and Helium During D2O Electrolysis Using Palladium Cathodes", Proc. of the 3rd International Conf. on Cold Fusion, Nagoya, Japan, 21-25 Oct., p. 189, and Miles, M. H, Bush, B., and Lagowski, J. J. 1994. "Anomalous Effects Involving Excess Power, Radiation, and Helium Production During D2O Electrolysis Using Palladium Cathodes", Fusion Technol. 25, 478; Bush, B. F., Lagowski, J. J., Miles, M. H., and Ostrom, G. S. 1991. "Helium Production During the Electrolysis of D2O in Cold Fusion", J. Electroanal. Chem. 304, 271; Miles, M. H., Hollins, R. A., Bush, B. F., Logowski, J. J. and Miles, R. E. 1993. "Correlation of Excess Power and Helium Production During D2O and H2O Electrolysis Using Palladium Cathodes", J. Electroanal. Chem. 346, 99.

(57) Early work using WESGO palladium failed to find excess energy and this result was used by the ERAB Panel to conclude that excess heat is not real. Later, successful work by the same scientist was ignored even though the same calorimetry was used.

(58) Miles, M. 2000. to be published in J. Electroanal. Chem.

(59) Some recent studies have detected excess energy after platinum has been subjected to extensive electrolysis. See http://jedrothwell.home.mindspring.com.

(60) Storms, E. K. 1996. "How to produce the Pons-Fleischmann effect", Fusion Technol. 29, 261.

(61) Storms, E. K., and Talcott-Storms, C. 1991. "The Effect of Hydriding on the Physical Structure of Palladium and on the Release of Contained Tritium", Fusion Technol. 20, 246.

(62) Huang, H. 1990. "Effect of Light Water Additions on Excess Heat Generation of Palladium Deuterium System", Proc. Cold Fusion Symp., 8th World Hydrogen Energy Conf., Honolulu, HI, July 22-27, published by Hawaii Natural Energy Insitute, 2540 Dole St., Holmes Hall 246, Honolulu, HI 96822, p. 43.

(63) Ways to identify such material are now known. Ways to manufacture such material are still not publicly known because of proprietary concerns.

(64) Storms, E. K., and Talcott, C. L. 1990. "A Study of Electrolytic Tritium Production", Proc. of The First Annual Conference on Cold Fusion, March 28-31, 1990, University of Utah Research Park, Salt Lake City, Utah, p. 149. See also: ibid, 1990. Fusion Technol. 17, 680.

(65) Cohn, J. B. 1985. Revolution in Science, The Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge.

(66) Milton, R. 1994. Forbidden Science, Fourth Estate, London.

(67) Schiff, M. 1995.The Memory of Water, Harper Collins Publisher, London

(68) Reference 67, while describing another controversial subject, also analyzes the various methods Science uses to reject claims which are outside of accepted norms.

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