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The Russian Solid Wood Sector

The Russian Lumber Industry:

Lumbering has traditionally been concentrated in Northwestern Russia, and around Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk in Siberia. Recently, much attention has been focused on the Khabarovsk and Primorskii krais in the Russian Far East.


According to the Russian statistical committee (Goskomstat) data, the production of plywood, railway ties, window and door frames has decreased by 11-25 percent between 1991 and 1992, while the production of wooden houses decreased by between 34 and 38 per cent. In fact, production falls have occurred in all industry subsectors. The main reasons for this drop are irregular supplies of raw materials and irrational distribution of woodworking facilities.

State of the Timber Industry:

As with other sectors of the Russian economy, the timber industry has been characterized by inefficiency and poor planning. Experts estimate that perhaps only 51 percent of forest resources recovered ever reach the consumer.

Panel Products:

Only about 14 percent of the plywood produced in Russia comes from Siberia and the Far East.

Log exports:

The export market potential for wood is good, particularly for the high-quality wood that Russia can provide.

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