The Russian Classification of wood

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North American timber and lumber traders commonly misunderstand their Russian counterparts when dealing with wood resources in Russia. Traders on both sides literally translate forestry terms from their native
languages, which can be confusing when species classifications differ.

For example, Americans often present species such as Alder (latin name Alnus) as a "hardwood"; this would make a Russian trader question your professional knowledge because in Russia uses different systematic approach.

Another example: American forestry uses the terms Coniferous Species for Softwood and Broadleaf Species for Hardwood. Russian forestry uses these terms as well, but not in the same way. Woods are first divided into
"broadleaf" and "coniferous." Within these categories, there are various "hardwoods" and "softwoods."


This is a flow chart of classification of wood in the Russian Lumber Industry:

I. Broad leaves group which include

A. Hardwood group

----> 1. Heartwood group (Oak [lat. Quercus], Ash [lat. Fraxinus] and etc.)
----> 2. Non Heartwood group
............... a. Matured wood group (Beech [lat. Fagus] and etc.)
............... b. Sapwood group ([lat. Carpinus] and etc.)

B. Softwood group

----> 1. Heartwood group
----> 2. Non Heartwood group
............... a. Matured wood group (Basswood [lat.Tilia], Alder [Alnus] and etc.)
............... b. Sapwood group (Birch [lat.Betula] and etc.)

II. Coniferous group which include

----> 1. Heartwood group (Pine, Larch and etc.)
----> 2. Non Heartwood group
............... a. Matured wood group (Spruce, Fir and etc.)
............... b. Sapwood group

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