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On this page you will find the transliteration guide and the quiz for Week One. This is followed by the answer key for the quiz.

TRANSLITERATION GUIDE

Inasmuch as we cannot guarantee that everyone's web-browser is able to reproduce Greek fonts, we are using the following form of transliteration (wherever possible the logical equivalents will be used.) No attempt has been made to differentiate between long and short vowels except for e and o. These long vowels are underlined. There are no accents and no iota subscripts.

alpha = aiota = irho = r
beta = bkappa = ksigma = s
gamma = glambda = ltau = t
delta = dmu = mupsilon = u
epsilon = enu = nphi = f
zeta = zxi = xchi = c
eta = homicron = opsi = y
theta = qpi = pomega = w


Greek Camp 1998
Quiz #1
(Chs. I - VII)

1. "a" = alpha; what are the names for the following letters in the Greek alphabet:
b = ____________
g = ____________
m = ____________
n = _____________
y = ____________


2. Only the last three syllables of a Greek word can carry an accent. The last syllable is called the "ultima." The syllable next to the ultima is called the _____________ and the one before it is called the ____________________.

3. There are two breathing marks that may appear at the beginning of a Greek word. One of them is called a "smooth" breathing mark (and is unaspirated) and the other (which is aspirated and is the equivalent to the "h" at the beginning of a word in English) is a ___________breathing mark.

4. The Greek vowels have short and long forms. The long form of "e" is ____ and the long form of "o" is ______.

5. When vowels occur in combination, as in "ai" or "ou" they are called __________________.

6. One of the accent marks in Greek is the "grave." The other two are called ______________ and ________________. The grave can appear only on what syllable? __________________.

7. The "conjugation" of the Present Active Indicative of the Greek verb has endings which indicate "person." Please complete the following table of endings:

SingularPlural
1 = "w" - "I"1 = "_____" - "we"
2 = "_______" - "you"2 = "ete" - "______"
3 = "_______" - "______,_____,_____"3 = "ousi" - "______"


8. The "declension" of the Greek noun follows a pattern of "cases" by which one can recognize and identify the subject of a sentence, as well as relationships of "possession," indirect and indirect objects. The four main cases we have learned in class are called:

1. _____________________________ (subject)
2. _____________________________ (possession)
3. _____________________________ (indirect object)
4. _____________________________ (direct object)

9. The second declension nouns follow a recognizable pattern of gender, number, and case. Please complete the following chart for these nouns:

Masculine
SingularPlural
N. osN. oi
G.G.
D.D. oi"
A. onA. ou"
Neuter
SingularPlural
N. onN. a
G.G.
D.D.
A.A.


10. The first declension nouns follow three patterns. The first two use either the vowel "a" or the vowel "_____ " for the basic pattern, while the third combines them. In the space provided below write out the full NGDA singular and plural for either of the two first (consistent) patterns [your choice]:

SingularPlural
N.
G.
D.
A.


11. There is such a thing as a "masculine" [remember: grammatical gender!] noun within the first declension. Which two cases and number provide the only variation from the normal first declension pattern? [Hint: it is not the dative or accusative singular nor the NGDA plural! ] ____________________

12. The Greek noun is "modified" by the use of articles and adjectives. These modifiers will "agree" in gender, case, and number with the noun they modify. Please write out the declension of the definite article in all three genders:

Singular
MasculineFeminineNeuter
N. oJhJto
G.
D.
A.
Plural
MasculineFeminineNeuter
N. oiJaiJta
G.
D.
A.


13. The definite article and the noun it modifies stand in a special relationship to each other if there is another adjectival modifier present modifying the same noun. If another adjective appears BETWEEN the article and the noun we call this the "attributive" position. If, however, the other adjective occurs OUTSIDE of the article/noun combination [here we would need to supply some form of the verb "to be"] we call this the " _____________________ " position.

14. It is one of our major goals in this class to be able to differentiate between [at this point] verbs and nouns. In the following phrases or sentences please put parentheses around the verbs, underline the nouns, and put brackets around the definite articles and adjectives:

A. kai to fw" en th skotia fainei

B. toi" pisteuousin ei to dwron

C. blepei ton Ihsoun kai legei

D. oJ amno" tou Qeou kai thn aJmartian tou kosmou.

E. oiJ profhtai blepousi ton uJion tou Iwshf kai legousin autw to agaqon kai thn alhqeian.

F. anqrwpo" grafei entola" kai nomou".


15. As best you are able translate the following two sentences from Greek into English:

A. oiJ logoi th" alhqeia" didaskousi tou" allou" apostolou"

__________________________________________________________

B. escatoi oiJ douloi oiJ kakoi: prwtoi oiJ uiJoi oiJ agaqoi

___________________________________________________________

16. How would you translate the following prepositions:

dia + genitive =__________dia + accusative =__________
ei" + accusative =__________en + dative =__________
ek + genitive =__________apo + genitive =__________
meta + genitive =__________meta + accusative =__________
pro" + genitive =__________


17. For the following basic vocabulary words please give a rough English equivalent:

pevmpw =__________a!gw =__________
bavllw = __________tevknon =__________
kovsmo" =__________kuvrio" =__________
dovxa = __________ejkklhsiva =__________
fwvnh =__________zwvh =__________


Greek Camp 1998
Quiz #1 Answer Key
(Chs. I - VII)

1. "a" = alpha; what are the names for the following letters in the Greek alphabet:

b = beta
g = gamma
m = mu
n = nu
y = psi


2. Only the last three syllables of a Greek word can carry an accent. The last syllable is called the "ultima." The syllable next to the ultima is called the penult and the one before it is called the antepenult.

3. There are two breathing marks that may appear at the beginning of a Greek word. One of them is called a "smooth" breathing mark (and is unaspirated) and the other (which is aspirated and is the equivalent to the "h" at the beginning of a word in English) is a rough breathing mark.

4. The Greek vowels have short and long forms. The long form of "e" is "h" (eta) and the long form of "o" is "w" (omega).

5. When vowels occur in combination, as in "ai" or "ou" they are called "diphthongs".

6. One of the accent marks in Greek is the "grave." The other two are called "acute" and "circumflex". The grave can appear only on what syllable? "Ultima"

7. The "conjugation" of the Present Active Indicative of the Greek verb has endings which indicate "person." Please complete the following table of endings:

SingularPlural
1 = " w " - " I "1 = " omen " - " we "
2 = " ei" " - " you "2 = " ete " - " you all "
3 = " ei " - " he, she, it "3 = " ousi " - " they "


8. The "declension" of the Greek noun follows a pattern of "cases" by which one can recognize and identify the subject of a sentence, as well as relationships of "possession," indirect and indirect objects. The four main cases we have learned in class are called:

1. Nominative (subject)

2. Genitive (possession)

3. Dative (indirect object)

4. Accusative (direct object)

9. The second declension nouns follow a recognizable pattern of gender, number, and case. Please complete the following chart for these nouns:

Masculine
SingularPlural
N. o"N. oi
G. ouG. wn
D. w/D. oi"
A. onA. ou"
Neuter
SingularPlural
N. onN. a
G. ouG. wn
D. w/D. oi"
A. onA. a


10. The first declension nouns follow three patterns. The first two use either the vowel "a" or the vowel "e" (eta) for the basic pattern, while the third combines them. In the space provided below write out the full NGDA singular and plural for either of the two first (consistent) patterns [your choice]:

SingularPlural
N. aaihai
G. a"wnORh"wn
D. aai"hai"
A. ana"hna"


11. There is such a thing as a "masculine" [remember: grammatical gender!] noun within the first declension. Which two cases and number provide the only variation from the normal first declension pattern? [hint: it is not the dative or accusative singular nor the NGDA plural! ]

nominative, genitive, singular

12. The Greek noun is "modified" by the use of articles and adjectives. These modifiers will "agree" in gender, case, and number with the noun they modify. Please write out the declension of the definite article in all three genders:

Singular
MasculineFeminineNeuter
N. oJhJto
G. touth"tou
D. tw/thtw/
A. tonthnto
Plural
MasculineFeminineNeuter
N. oiJaiJta
G. twntwntwn
D. toi"tai"toi"
A. tou"ta"ta


13. The definite article and the noun it modifies stand in a special relationship to each other if there is another adjectival modifier present modifying the same noun. If another adjective appears BETWEEN the article and the noun we call this the "attributive" position. If, however, the other adjective occurs OUTSIDE of the article/noun combination [here we would need to supply some form of the verb "to be"] we call this the " predicative " position.

14. It is one of our major goals in this class to be able to differentiate between [at this point] verbs and nouns. In the following phrases or sentences please circle the verbs, underline the nouns, and put brackets around the definite articles and adjectives:

A. kai [to] fw" en [th] skotia (fainei)

B. [toi"] (pisteuousin) ei" [to] dwron

C. (blepei) [ton] Ihsoun kai (legei)

D. [oJ] amno" [tou] Qeou kai [thn] aJmartian [tou] kosmou.

E. [oiJ] profhtai (blepousi) [ton] uJion [tou] Iwshf kai (legousin) autw [to] [agaqon] kai [thn] alhqeian.

F. anqrwpo" (grafei) entola" kai nomou".


15. As best you are able translate the following two sentences from Greek into English:

A. oiJ logoi th" alhqeia" didaskousi tou" allou" apostolou"

The words of (the) truth teach (are teaching) the other apostles.

B. escatoi oiJ douloi oiJ kakoi: prwtoi oiJ uJioi oiJ agaqoi

last [are] the evil slaves; first [are] the good sons


16. How would you translate the following prepositions:

dia + genitive =throughdia + accusative =on account of
ei" + accusative =intoen + dative =in
ek + genitive =out ofapo + genitive =from
meta + genitive =withmeta + accusative =after
pro" + genitive =toward


17. For the following basic vocabulary words please give a rough English equivalent:

pevmpw =I senda!gw =I lead
bavllw = I throwtevknon =child
kovsmo" =world (cosmos)kuvrio" =lord
dovxa = gloryejkklhsiva =church (congregation)
fwnhV =voicezwvh =life


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