Lectionary Year B
December 19, 1999
Fourth Sunday in Advent
Step III: Immediate Context
(JFC) A. IMMEDIATE CONTEXT
Pre Ė This passage follows Elizabethís declaration that Maryís child is the fulfillment
of Godís promised Messiah.
Post Ė Following this hymn, we read of Maryís remaining with Elizabeth and then returning to her home.
(JFC) B. COMPOSITIONAL WHOLE
Lukeís Gospel presents the nearest thing we have in the New Testament to a
religious history. It declares how the Old Testament promises were fulfilled in Jesus Christ. It presents Jesus as bringing Godís salvation to a sinful world by emphasizing that He ministered to those outcasts the world would ignore or destroy, the lost, the poor, the disenfranchised. He did so as Godís agent for saving the world.
(JFC) C. AUTHORSHIP
The early Church believed Luke wrote the Gospel bearing his name. Near the end of
the second century of the Common Era, Irenaeus and a listing of canonical books mention Luke, the Gentile Christian (conf. Col 4:11) physician named in Philemon 24 and in Colossians 4:14 as a companion of Paul, according to Schweizer. It must have been written after the siege and fall of Jerusalem, after the year 70 CE.
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