Fredric Z. Saunders
5186 S. Cobble Creek Rd. #6K
Salt Lake City, UT 84117-6723
Copyright 1996
Revised 1999
   The English background of Colonel Nicolas Greenberry of Anne Arundel
County, Maryland has long eluded researchers.  On 9 July 1674 Capt.
William Wheatly, master claimed rights due for transportaion of 43
passengers on board the Constant Friendship. Among the passengers were
Mr. Greenberry, his wife & two children.(1)
   In 1972 Charles F. Stein, Jr. wrote "The name Greenberry does not seem
to appear in English records....."(2)  Since that time new information
has come to light.  Taking advantage of these records, a strategy was
formed to search for the ancestry of Nicholas Greenberry of Maryland.

   The first part of the research strategy was to consult the International
Genealogical Index (IGI).  Many records of Church of England churches have
had their births and marriage records extracted, (but not burials) and the
records placed on the IGI.  Note that most of these extractions are based
on the Bishop's Transcripts copy, a copy sent each year from the parish to
the Bishop of baptisms, marriages, and burials that had occured in the
previous year. In most cases, the original parish registers may also survive
and have been microfilmed.  In many cases of the Bishop's Transcripts, these
do not survive for all years. Where both the parish register and Bishop's
Transcripts exist for the same year, one may contain a record the
other does not.  For many parishes, only the baptismal records have been
extracted, and not the marriage records.  
   The negative of using this method of research is the possibility of
getting misleading conclusions. The name Greenberry could occur with
frequency in a given parish and surrounding parishes whose records have
not been extracted for the IGI.  Thus places where the Greenberry occurred
frequently could be overlooked.  If the Greenberry's were not members of
the Church of England, records have been lost, children were not taken
to the parish church for baptism, or the parish priest was negligent in
recording them, they would also not appear.  
   The positive is the IGI can be used to quickly learn in what parishes a
surname does occur. After identifying areas where the name Greenberry
does occur, the second step of the plan was to consult probate records. 
It was hoped to find a Nicholas Greenberry mentioned in a will that was
of the right time period.
   If a possible Nicholas Greenberry could be located in probate records,
the third step would be to check individual parish records listed in the
Family History Library Catalog (FHLC) for the parish and surrounding
parishes.  The FHLC would list whether any particular parish had been
extracted for the IGI.  Also, many parishes have had their baptismal and
marriage records abstracted, but their records are not yet under consideration
for inclusion on the IGI.  These abstracted records are available for
viewing on microfiche.  Finally, for those parishes not yet abstracted (and
for those that have been) the original records may be available on mircofilm.
A systematic search of all surrounding parishes would show where the name
Greenberry did and did not occur, at least as far as having their baptism
or marriage recorded in the Church of England.
   To positively identify Nicholas Greenberry, it was hoped to either
find a listing for either a baptismal entry for Nicholas Greenberry about
1627, a marriage record to his wife Ann, or baptismal entries for children 
Charles and Katherine.  Knowing the positives and the limitations of the
strategy, the IGI was consulted.

   Nicholas Greenberry’s tombstone stated he died in 1697, age 70.  As his
father, if still living, would have been near age 100 in 1700, this year
was picked as a cutoff date for initial research.  The version of the IGI
used (23 Aug. 1996) contained Greenberry listing before 1700 by the following
   Yorkshire		81
   Lincolnshire		44
   London		23
   Berkshire		17
   Durham	  	 7
   Cambridge		 3
   Rutland	  	 1
   Leicestershire	 1
   Hampshire		 1
   Northumberland  	 1
   Surry	  	 1
   Buckinghamshire  	 1
Of these counties with only one lisiting, four of these were late:
Buckinghamshire in 1674, Hampshire in 1684, Northumberland in 1690, and
Surry in 1698. The earliest Yorkshire listing was 1544.  The Yorkshire
listings occurred in only four different towns, York, Leeds, Whitkirk, and
   Subsequent research has shown that all Lincolnshire and Berkshire
listings, plus the one Rutland listing appear to descend from one man,
Cuthbert Greenberry.  The one Leicestershire listing was in 1627.  Due to
its proximity to Lincolnshire, plus the names used, it is likely this
is also a descendant of Cuthbert Greenberry.

   Prior to 1858 English wills were probated by ecclesiastical courts. 
Problems could be encountered here, as these did not always have the same
boundaries as the civil towns and counties.
   The smallest courts were the PECULIARS, which had the right to probate
wills of that Peculiar Parish, known usually as the Pecular (or Prebendal)
Court of  ______.  The next division was the DEANRY, comprised of several
parishes.  From there the next division was the ARCHDEACONRY.  Above the
archdeaconry was the Bishop who would have jurisdiction over a diocese. 
The records of this court were usualy known as the Court of the Bishop
of _____, or the Episcopal Consistory Court of _____. The final final
authority was the Archbishop.  The Province of York covered northern
England, and was known as the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of
York (PCY).  The Province of Canterbury covered southern England and Wales
and was known as the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury
(PCC). This court was highest authority in England.
   Fortunately, several finding aids exist for each English county showing
which courts would have jurisdiction over any parish, and the order in
which the probate courts would have jurisdiction.
   Indexed Court records, both in book form and microfilmed records prepared
by the courts were consulted for Greenberry listings.  Emphasis was placed
on Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. Where printed indexes existed for other
areas, they were also consulted for any occurence of the name Greenberry.
At present over 30 different eccliastical courts have been searched for
records before 1700.(3)  Greenberry wills were located for residents in
the following areas: York(4), Oxford(5), London(6), Lincoln and Berkshire.
   In Lincoln was found a Nicholas Greenberry of the correct time to possibly
be Nicholas Greenberry of Maryland.  This Nicholas was a great-great-grandson
of Thomas Greenberry.  All Lincoln wills and the one Berkshire would appear
to pertain to the descendants of Thomas Greenberry and are discussed

   The next step was to consult abstracted parish records (from the
Bishop's Transcripts) in the area the descendants of Thomas Greenberry
have been found, mainly southwest Lincolnshire. At present abstracted
records from about 60 parishes have been checked.(7) Where the name
Greenberry has been found, the original parish registers and/or Bishop's
Transcripts have also been consulted.

1. Maryland Patent Liber 18 (Vol. 21) f. 160 FHL microfilm 13071.  The
passengers were Joseph Story, Thomson Eard, Mary Olliver, Davie Stinderson,
Thomas Stanbriggs, William Wyat, Eliz: Wakefoild, Michaell Pearson, Eliz:
Dunn, John Richardson, Robert East, William Evans, Jane Todd, Elinor Woolman,
Isaac Drewuy, Francis Coxon, George Shepheard, Robert Fendell, Eliz:
Mannom, Tho Dodden, John Griffen, Susanna Savin, Sarah Jones, Ann Stapleton,
Wm Richardson, Hugh Adley, Robert Gaskinn, Richard Bissey, Charles Musgrove,
John Elford, Mr. Greenberry his wife & two Children, Roger Bowder, Wm
Singleton, Jonas Mattock, Bartholomew Acker, William Potter, Agatha Sawyer,
Deborah Bunn, Edward Adams, and Marcy Allen.

2. Charles Francis Stein, Jr., Origin and History of Howard County Maryland,
(Baltimore: the author in cooperation with The Howard County Historical
Society, 1972) 212.

3. Those courts searched include Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Prerogative
Court of York, Consistory Court of Lincoln to 1750, Court of the Archdeaconry
of Stow (Lincoln) 1530-1699, Court ot the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln 1534-1834,
Prebendal Court of Caistor, Co., Lincoln 1636-1833, Prebendal Court of
Corringham, Co. Lincoln 1632-1833, Prebendal Court of Heydour, Co. Lincoln
1669-1836, Subdecanal Court of Kirton in Lindsey, Co., Lincoln 1566-1834,
Prebendal Court of Louth, Co. Lincoln 1612-1858, Prebendal Court of Liddington,
Co. Rutland 1668-1810, Prebendal Court of Empingham, Co. Rutland 1669-1744,
Prebendal Court of Ketton, Co. Rutland 1666-1677, Archdeaconry of Berkshire
to 1700, Bishop of Gloucestershire Wills 1541-1650, and 1660-1800, Probate
Registry at Bristol 1572-1792, Commissariot Record of Edinburgh Register
of Testaments 1514-1600, Consistory Court (Dorsetshire Division) of the
Late Diocese of Bristol 1681-1792, Archdeaconry Court of Dorset 1568-1792,
Archdeaconry Court of Lewes in the Bishoprie of Chichester (Sussex) 1541-1640,
Archdeaconry Court of Leicester 1495-1649 and 1660-1750, Consistory Court
of the Bishop of Worcester 1451-1600, Archdeaconry of Exeter (Devon) 1540-1799,
Bishop of Exeter (Devon and Cornwall) 1559-1799, Court of Bishop of Chichester
(Sussex) 1482-1800, Archdeacon of Taunton (Dorset) 1537-1799, Prebendal Court
of Biggleswade, Co. Bedford 1639-1740, Prebendal Court of Buckden, Co.,
Huntingdon 1691-1749, Prebendal Court of Gretton, Co., Northampton

4. John Greinbery of Barnston in Holdenes will written 15 Apr. 1564. Named
Margaret, daughter of Agnes Johnston; son John Greinberye; Agnes Johnston;
Eliz: (West?); Ann Shielle; Henrye Sheille; two children of Edmond Shille;
Thomas Cointory; Henry Bilbie; William Coolye; Willm Paterle; residue to
son John Greinberye and John Greinberye his son’s son who are executors.
Wit.: Henry Beilbie and Xpofer Jackson.  Proved 7 Nov.1564. (Prerogative
Court of York, Vol. 17, p. 398, FHL 99473).

Jane Greensbury, city of York, widow, written 22 Apr. 1642, bequests to:
Edward Saltmarsh; James Williamson, clerke; Jane Heines, wife of Edward
Heines; -?- Heines; Ann, sister of my late husband; William Greenbury
brother to Jane Heines.  Executors Edward Saltmarsh and James Williamson.
Wit.: George Thoresby, Edward -?-, Phillip (Borems?), John Drisfeild,
Jho Hatte.  Probated 4 June 1642. (PCY, June 1642 bundle original wills,
FHL microfilm 99535).

Margarett Greenbury of Beverly in Co. of York, widow, written 30 May 1664.
"Being with my grandchild Matthew" she gave everything except the following
bequests to him conditionally that she be kept during her life: Son Bartholomew
Scott; daughter Elizabeth Deullone, Robert Gohnys children.  Matthew Ehkruk
executor. Wit.: John Atkinson, Thomas Thompson.  No probate date. (1663-1665
book) (PCY, Vol. 46, p. 365, FHL microfilm 99571).

5. Robert Greenberrie of Crowhill, Co., Oxford wrote his will 8 Aug.
1645.  Bequests to: eldest son Robert lands in Crowhill; second son John
land at "Assen" (later spelled "Ahson") in Berkshire at age 21; son Nathaniel;
eldest daughter Katharine; daughter Martha; daughter Jane. Wife Katherine
executrix.  Brother Thomas Ros and cousin Edward Buckoke overseers.  Wit.:
Ed: Buckoke, David Thomas, Elenor Canytuler. Proved 5 Apr. 1647 (PCC,
71 Fines, FHL 92164)

6. Edward Greenberry, citizen and Innholder of London, wrote his will
20 Feb. 1694. Bequests to: sister Mary, daughter Elizabeth Caning wife
of John Caming.  Residue to son Edward Greenberry who is executor.
Wit.: Jo: Wynd, John Cooper, Tho: Stampe. Probated 15 Feb. 1694. 
(PCC 35 Irby, FHL microfilm 92390.) 

7. Listed is parish name, dates of abstract, FHL microfiche number. 
bc=births and christenings, m=marriage
Aslackby bc 1558-1839, 6907505;  Baston bcm 1562-1833, 6907515 and 6907516;
Billingsborough bc 1561-1641, 1662-1827, 6907526; Bourne bcm 1562-1833, 6907409
Braceby bc 1562-1830, 6907543; Braceborough bc 1562-1829, 6907541; Burton
Coggles bc 1561-1834, 6907559; Careby bc 1561-1844, 6907470; Carlby bc
1562-1831 6907471; Castle Bytham bcm 1558-1845, 6907701 and 6907702;
Colsterworth bc 1561-1839, 6907574; Corby bc baptisms 1561-1836, 6907577;
Creeton bc 1561-1843, 6907580; Deeping-St. James bc 1562-1860, 6907684;
Deeping-St. Nicholas (start 1850); Dembleby bc 1562-1850, 6907590; Denton bc
1562-1789, 6907591; Dunsby bc 1538-1835, 6907597; Edenham bcm 1561-1840,
6902273 and 6902274; Folkingham bcm 1561-1827, 6902284 and 6902285;
Grantham bc 1562-1632 1639-1835, m 1562-1835, 6907387 and 6903413; Great
Ponton bcm 1562-1834, 6907660 and 6907661; Gunby bcm 1561-1812, 6907664
and 6907665; Hacconby bc 1561-1846, 6907670; Haceby bc 1561-1850 6907672;
Holywell bcm 1558-1845, 6907701 and 6907702; Horbling bcm 1561-1640, 1653-1837,
6907383 and 6907384; Ingoldsby bcm 1561-1814, 6907716 and 6907717; Irnham bcm
1561-1836, 6907720 and 6907721; Langtoft bc 1561-1836, 6907755; Lenton
(Lavington) bc 1562-1834, 6907760; Little Bytham bcm 1561-1837, 6907401
and 6907402; Little Ponton bcm 1562-1788, 6907780 and 6907781; Market
Deeping bc 1562-1836, 6907802; Morton bcm 1541-1552, 1561-1843, 6907820
and 6907821; Newton by Folkinham bc 1561-1835, m 1561-1566 1576-1639
1663-1835, 6907832 and 6907833; North Witham bc 1561-1840, 6908190;
Osbournby bcm 1561-1840, 6907859 and 6903415; Pickworth bc 1538-1840,
6907864; Pinchbeck bcm 1562-1760, 6907894 and 6907895; Rippingale bc
1562-1836, 6907909; Ropsley bc 1561-1808 6907910; Sempringham bc 1558-1826,
6907935; Skillington bc 1542-1866, 6907588; Somersby bc 1563-1811, m
1563-1640 1661-1796, 6907943 and 6907944; South Stoke bc 1562-1841, m
1561-1648 1660-1784, 6907952 and 6907953; Spalding bcm 1561-1836, 6907955
and 6907956; Spanby bcm 1670-1798, 6907957 and 6907958; Stainby bcm
1561-1851, 6907963 and 6907964; Stamford-All Saints bcm 1560-1837, 6907975
and 6907976; Stamford-St. George bc 1562-1855, 6907977; Stamford-St. John
bcm 1562-1837, 6907978 and 6907991; Stamford-St. Mary bcm 1573-1836,
6907979 and 6907980; Stroxton bcm 1562-1565 1585-1640 1661-1839, 6907997
and 6907998; Sutterton bc 1538-1875, 6907370; Swayfield bc 1561-1574
1585-1639 1662-1840, 6908031; Swinstead bc 1565-1651 1663-1834, 6908034;
Tallington bcm 1562-1721, 6908037 and 6908038; Threckingham cum Stow Green
bc 1561-1810, m 1561-1640 1660-1810, 6903441 and 6903442; Thurlby bcm 
1562-1840, 6908061 and 6908062; Uffington bcm 1562-1858, 6908078 and
6908079; Witham on the Hill bc 1561-1570 1584-1833, m 1561-1569 1584-1833
6908228 and 6908229; Wyville (start 1817).

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Last revised: 18 Oct. 1999