Thomas BAY was in Orange, (in what became Frederick and Shenandoah) Co., VA
by 1739 when he witnessed two deeds.6  In 1745 Thomas, Hugh and
William BAYS were all added to the tithables list of Frederick Co. for the
year.1
Thomas BAY living 17451; had children:
1. Hugh BAY2,9 b. say 17254; m. Mary;7,8 living 17738
2. William BAY2,9 b. say 17294; never married;9 d. ca. 1769 Frederick Co.,
   VA9
3. Robert BAY3 bap. 3 May 17413
4. Thomas BAY2 b. ca. 1742;5 m. Elizabeth BLACKBURN;10 d. 6 Jan. 1826 in 85th
   year of age; bur. Cumberland Cem., Spencer Twp., Guernsey Co., OH5

To date, five descendants of Thomas BAY have DNA tested, with their results
being that the BAY family belongs to haplogroup I2b1.

The widow (name unknown) of Thomas BAY (Sr.) married secondly William
STEPHENSON9 and was deceased before he wrote his will 31 July 1782.11 The will
was probated on 28 April 1785, and he named two children, James STEPHENSON,
and Mary NEWELL, wife of Samuel NEWELL. Also named were grandchildren
William NEWELL, James NEWELL, Jean NEWELL, Martha NEWELL, Mary NEWELL, 
and Marget NEWELL. The grandsons were to receive their legacies at age 20,
and the granddaughters at age 17. Whether they are children by the widow
of Thomas BAY, or an unknown first wife is uncertain.

Hugh BAY and wife Mary had children, all probably born in Frederick Co., VA
1. Thomas BAY12  b. ca. 1747;19,68 m. Charity;20 d. 4 Oct. 1821;68 Ross Twp., Jefferson Co., OH66
2. Hugh BAY16 b. say 1749 Frederick Co., VA; d. between 4 Mar. 180213 and
   22 Feb. 1803 (now) St. Louis Co., MO;14 m. Margaret14,18
3. Jane12/Jean26 BAY m. by 178626 Samuel WILSON;12 living 1797 Washington Co., PA12
4. William BAY12 b. say 1753;24 never married;12 d. ca. 1785 Westmoreland 
   Co., PA25
5. David BAY12 b. ca. 1755;21 m. Jane;23  d. 22 Apr. 1825 22 
   bur. Neer Farm Cem., (north of Urbana), Champaign Co., OH23 
6. Mary BAY12 m. David McCAY/McCAW;12 living 1795 Harrison Co, KY12
7. Robert BAY12 b. 1760 on Cedar Creek [Frederick Co.] in VA;15
   m. Ann (CAMPBELL)?;27 d. 21 Feb. 1845, Guernsey Co., OH15
8. Isabella BAY12 b. say 1762;28 m. Robert CRAWFORD;12 d. between 1820
   and 1830 Donegal Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA28
9. Elizabeth BAY12 b. before 1765;29 m. William STEWART;12 living 1820
   Harrison Co., KY30
10. James BAY12 b. ca. 1766;31 m. 4 Feb. 1791 Ann McCAN;32 living 1820
    Shelby Co., OH33

Hugh BAY and wife Margaret had children born in Westmoreland Co., PA:
1. Hester BAY34 b. say 1772;35 m. Benjamin JONES;34 d. 1840-1850 Decatur Co.,
   Indiana35
2. Mary BAY17 b. say 1774;44 m. 11 Dec. 180045 James SMITH, Jr.17,45; living 182044
3. Nancy BAY17 b. 6 June 177636 PA38; m. James WADE17,37 [recorded] 19 June 1797;37
   d. ca. 1857 Bath Co., KY39
4. Robert BAY14 b. say 177940 PA; m. Mary41,43 "Polly"47 HAMILTON42; d. before
   31 May 1836 Franklin Co., MO43
5. Samuel BAY14 b. 1780-1784;46 m. Sarah51 MUSICK48
6. Margaret14 "Peggy"50 BAY b. 1780-1790;49 m. James WOODLAND 3 Nov. 1812;50
   d. between 27 Apr. 184255 and 11 Oct. 184852 MO
7. Joseph BAY14 m. Judith EPPERSON;53 d. 1837 while on a visit to KY53

Robert BAY and Mary HAMILTON had children:
1. Ann "Nancy"43,47 BAY b. ca. 1804;56 m.1. Eli SHORT;54 m.2. Daniel PRATHER43,47
   15 Mar. 1827;55 living 1880 Washington Co., MO56
2. Margaret47 "Peggy"43 BAY b. ca. 1805;57 m. William W. LEWIS43,47; living 1850
   Lawrence Co., AR57
3. Sarah43,47 "Sallie" BAY b. say 1810;59 m. Jesse K. PARKER43,47 26 Dec. 1830;55
   living 183747
4. Ninian BAY43,47 b. 23 Aug. 1812;67 m. Nancy JOHNS 20 Feb. 1834;55 d. 9 Aug.
   1862, bur. Bay Cem., Dent Co., MO67
5. Joseph L. BAY43,47 b. 6 Dec. 1817;63 m. Emeline PARKER 24 Nov. 1836;55
   d. 25 July 1900, bur. Mountain View Cem., Pueblo, Pueblo Co., Colo.62,63
6. Permelia A. BAY43,47 b. 181964 or ca. 1826;61 m. Thomas NAPPIER
   21 Feb. 1847;55 d. 13 Oct. 1894, bur. Burnett Cem., Shannon Co., MO64
7. Easter43/Esther47 "Hettie"55 BAY b. ca. 1820;60 m. William PRATHER47
   8 May 1834;55 living 1870 Bates Co., MO60
8. Elizabeth BAY43,47 b. say 182365
9. Greenberry Wade BAY43,47 b. 18 Jan. 182858; m. Elizabeth PARKER
   22 Mar. 1855;58 d. 22 Nov. 1906, bur. Asher Cem., (near New Harmony
   United Baptist Church, Boss, Mo.) Dent Co., MO58

1. Frederick Co., VA County 1743-1745 Court Order Book: 416, FHL microfilm 0,031,416. 2. Evidence that Thomas was the father of Hugh, William and Thomas includes: a) Thomas was living in the area by 1739 when he witnessed a deed. See #6. b) His son Robert was baptized on land of John Funk. (See #3) William Bays in 1749 lived adjacent to and north of John Funk, [John Funk file, Northern Neck Warrants and Surveys, Frederick County, Virginia State Library, FHL microfilm 2,027,912, frames 398-402] and adjacent to and south of Hugh Bays. [Hugh Bays file, Northern Neck Warrants and Surveys, Frederick County, FHL microfilm 2,027,909, frames 306-309. c) Hugh and William are proved brothers. See #9. d) Northern Neck Grants, M:318, FHL microfilm 0,029,516. Benjamin Blackburn (father of Thomas [Jr.'s] wife Elizabeth, see #10) was a close neighbor of the Bay family. Joseph Keller 1764 grant was adjacent to William Blackburn, Hugh Bays, William Bays, Lewis Stephens, Daniel Curry, and Benjamin Blackburn. 3. Personal papers John Craig (1709-1774), record of baptisms, FHL microfilm 1,486,618, item 5. 4. Estimate from #3, first acquisition of land, and when children were born. 5. Thomas Bay headstone, Cumberland Cem., Cumberland, Guernsey Co., Ohio. 6. Orange Co., VA deeds 3:477-480, FHL microfilm 0,033,012. 7. Frederick Co. VA deeds 12:130-133, FHL microfilm 0,031,373. 8. Tommy L. West, Some Members of the 18th Century Bay Family, (Baltimore, MD: Gateway Press, Inc., 20-21. Trancsript of Bedford Co., PA, Common Pleas, civil court case loose papers of Isaac Mason vs. Hugh Bays and wife Mary. 9. Jacob Waggoner and John Gessner file, Northern Neck Warrants and Surveys, Virginia State Library, FHl microfilm 2,027,933, frames 168-174. On 12 Feb. 1774 "William Stephenson (Step Father to the within mention'd Hugh Bays & William Bays)...made oath...that the within mention'd William Bays died Intestate, that he left neither Widow or Lawful Issue, and that the within mention'd Hugh Bays was Eldest Brother to said William and his Heir at Law..." 10. Benjamin Blackburn original will, Washington Co., TN original wills, alphabetical, FHL microfilm 2,138,815, item 3, frames 2499-2500. 11. William Stephenson original will, Shenandoah Co., VA oringinal loose wills arranged in order recorded [B:150], FHL microfilm 2,167,887, frames 186-188. 12. Washington Co., PA deeds 1N:65-68, FHL microfilm 0,862,511. 21 July 1795 "Thomas Bay, David Bay, Robert Bay, James Wilson and Samuel Wilson her husband, Mary McKay and David McKay her husband, Isabella Crawford and Robert Crawford her husband, Elisabeth Stewart and William Stewart her husband "being Brothers and Sisters Heirs and Heires's of the late William Bay of the County of Westmoreland..." Co., PA sold a tract owned by Willam Bay, deceased. Though no father is stated, evidence that they are children of Hugh [Sr.] includes that Robert stated he was born on "Seder" [Cedar] Creek in Virginia in 1760. [see #15] The only Bay family members of which there are records of living on Cedar Creek at that time were Hugh Bay and William Bay. [see #2b, among other land records.] William died with no children. [see #9] While Thomas Bay (brother to Hugh and William) did have a son Robert Bay, he is not the Robert of record #15. By elimination, the conclusion is that these "brothers and sisters" were children of Hugh Bay. The various heirs either acknowldeged the deed or witnesses testified to their signing over the next several years. 13. City of St. Louis, MO Archives Records 4:48, #1127C, FHL microfilm 0,466,342. 14. Margaret Bay will, City of St. Louis, MO Archives Records 3:353, #2289, FHL microfilm 0,466,342. [French, Spanish, and English transcriptions]. Note: The same document on FHL 0,466,993, French, Spanish and English transrciptions with English translations contains the incorrect phrase "Margaret Bay, which daughter is now in the State of Missouri." There was no State of Missouri in 1803. The phrase on 0,466,342 "State of Kentucky" is correct. 15. Robert Bay pension file, S2043, National Archives micropublication 804, roll 181, FHL microfilm 0,970,181, frames 71-92. Birth frame 75, death frame 87. 16. Evidence that Hugh (the younger born say 1748) is a son of Hugh (the elder born say 1727) includes: a) He owned land adjacent to Hugh [Sr.] in Westmoreland Co., PA. Hugh [Sr.] application 3348, 13 June 1769. [Pennsylvania original surveys, D70:247, FHL microfilm 1,006,491] This is tract 6 at Joiners of William Latta. Hugh [the younger] had tract 8 at the above site. [PA original surveys, C6:104, FHL microfilm 1,004,624, see also D57:258 & D57:259, FHL microfilm 1,006,478]. b) Hugh appeared in Mt. Pleasant Twp., Westmoreland Co., PA tax lists [FHL microfilms 1,027,065, item 2, and 1,027,066] with David and William Bay. Hugh and David appeard in 1783, (no 1784 list), 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, and 1789. William in 1783 only [listed as "single"]. c) Hugh gave a deposition in the 1784 case of John Dickey vs. William Bay in Westmoreland County. ["Westmoreland Co., PA Civil Court Records, Continuance Docket 1," Old Westmoreland Vol. 9, No. 3, (Feb. 1990):16]. d) Hugh appeard in Bourbon Co., KY tax lists with Thomas, David, Robert and James Bay. [Bourbon Co., KY tax lists, FHL microfilm 0,007,879. Hugh in years 1791, 1792, 1793, [no 1794 list], 1795, 1796, [no 1798 list], 1799, 1800. Thomas in 1797. David in 1790, 1792, 1793. James in 1787, 1788, 1789, 1792, 1793, 1797. 17. City of St. Louis, MO Archives Records, 4:519, #2826A, FHL microfilm 0,466,342. James Smith, Jr. of Bourbon Co., KY appointed James Waid of Montgomery Co., KY his attorney to transact business for him as a legatee of the estate of Hugh Bay of District of Bonam, Upper "Louisone". 18. City of St. Louis, MO Archives Records, 4:26, #1078, FHL microfilm 0,466,094. [Transcriptions of French, Spanish & English documents with English translations]. Robert, Samuel and Joseph Bay were present at the estate sale, and "representatives of their four brother and sisters, now absent". 19. Bedford Co., PA 1773 tax list, FHL microfilm 0,295,759, item 2. Thomas of age and single in Mt. Pleasant Twp. [later Westmoreland Co]. 20. Washington Co., PA deeds 2W (47):347-348, FHL microfilm 0,862,536. 21. David Bay Bay pension file, S45237, National Archives micropublication 804, roll 181, FHL microfilm 0,970,181, frames 45-70. 29 April 1818 age 63, 18 July 1820, age 64; 6 June 1823 age 67. 22. Salt Lake Temple and Endowment Records, Baptism Records Dead, C:15, FHL microfilm 1,149,520. Information in 1871 by James Willard Bay (1822-1897), grandson of David. 23. Caroline R. Nixon and Emma N. Bolton, Cemetery Inscriptions of Settlers Who Came to Champaign County, Ohio Before 1830, (no location: Nixon & Bolton, no date), 36, FHL microfilm 1,697,406. 24. Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck, Virginia's Colonial Soldiers, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1988), 148. Estimate from William Bay a soldier in 1774 at Pittsburgh. 25. "Administration Abstracts," Old Westmoreland, III, No. 2 (Nov. 1982), 18. 26. Westmoreland Co., PA deeds 10:317-318, FHL microfilm 0,929,169. 27. Arthur Campbell will, Washington Co., PA wills 2:34-35, FHL micorilm 0,863,624. Son William 200 acres West of the Ohio River where he lives. To daughter Nancy 120 acres of aforementioned tract on which Robert BAY now lives. 28. Robert Crawford households: 1790 Westmoreland Co., PA census, Donegal Twp. p. 94, 1 male over 16, 2 males under 16, 3 females suggests marriage ca. 1782, and birth say 1762. 1800 Westmoreland Co., PA census, Donegal Twp., p. 1036, female 26-45. 1810 Westmoreland Co., PA census, Donegal Twp., p. 115, female 45+. 1820 Westmoreland Co., PA census, Donegal Twp., p. 89, female 45+ 1830 Westmoreland Co., PA census, Donegal Twp., p. 286, no elderly female. 29. William Stewart household, 1810 Harrison Co., KY, p. 324, female age 45+. 30. Elizabeth Stewart household, 1820 Harrison Co., KY, p. 202, female age 45+. 31. See 16d. 32. Bourbon Co., KY marriage register 1:8, FHL microfilm 0,183,145. (Note: loose pages out of order). 33. James Bey household, 1820 Shelby Co., OH, p. 148. 34. West, 18th Century Bay Family, 121. 35. Benjamin Jones households. 1830 Decatur Co., IN p. 391, female 50-60 1840 Decatur Co., IN, p. 215, female age 70-80 1850 Decatur Co., IN, p. 30, Benjamin living with son James. 36. Robert Sidney Douglass, History of Southeast Missouri, (Chicago and New York: Lewis Publishing Co., 1912), 2:969. 37. Bourbon Co., KY marriage register 1:30, FHL microfilm 0,183,145. 38. Asberry Wade household, 1850 Bath Co., KY, p. 23. 39. Bath Co., KY Order Book F:162, FHL microfilm 0,272,999. 11 May 1857 F. A. Wade granted letters of adm. and ordered appraisement of estate Nancy Wade. 40. Pendleton Co., KY tax lists, 1800, p. 1, FHL microfilm 0,008,201. 41. City of St. Louis, MO deeds A:304-305, FHL microfilm 0,529,937. 42. Dolores Shepherd Miltenberger and the Rev. Gordon Miltenberger, Three Hamiltons of Maryland: Gavin, Andrew, Ninian, (Dallas, TX: Miltenberger, 1983), 183. 43. Robert Bay papers, Franklin Co., MO administration bonds, 1836, alphabetical, FHL microfilm 2,071,076, frames 1576-1578. 44. Mary Smith household, 1820 Bourbon Co., KY, p. 130. Female age 45+. 45. Bourbon Co., KY marriage register 2:5, FHL microfilm 0,183,145. 46. See #16d. In 1800 Hugh had a 16-21 male tithe, who was not Robert [see #40] 47. Polly Bay papers, Franklin Co., MO adminisration bonds, 1837, alphabetical, FHL microfilm 2,071,076, frames 1639-1642. 48. History Franklin, Jefferson, Washington, Crawford & Gasconde Counties, Missouri, (Giradeau, Mo.: Remfre, 1958, reprint of Chicago: Goodspeed Pub., 1888), 717. Biographical sketch of grandson Matthew Bay. 49. James Woodland households: 1830 Franklin Co., MO, p. 147, female age 40-50 1840 Franklin Co., MO, p. 232, female age 50-60 50. Bath Co., KY marriages bonds and returns 1812-1814, FHL microfilm 0,273,002, frame 24. [return given as "Woodlang"] 51. City of St. Louis, MO deeds D:200-201, FHL microfilm 0,529,939. 52. Jefferson Co., MO 1838-1849 marriage record book, FHL microfilm 0,966,084. p. 278 James Woodland marriage to Mary Everett. 53. David D. Banta, History of Johnson County, Indiana, (Chicago: Brant & Fuller, 1888), 400, FHL microfilm 1,321,459, item 1. Biographical sketch of son Charles Bay. 54. Eli Bay papers, Franklin Co., MO, administration bonds, 1826, alphabetical, FHL microfilm 2,071,076 frames 1284-1285, 1303-1307. Robert Bay and Nancy Short were administrators. See also #55 where as Nancy Short she married Daniel Prather, and is listed in the estates of her father Robert Bay (see #43) and mother Polly Bay (see #47) as Nancy Prather. 55. Franklin Co., MO marriage records, FHL microfilm 0,949,979. A:22 Bay, Nancy-Prather, Daniel A:52 Bay, Salla-Parker, Jessa A:77 Bay Hetty-Prather, William A:79 Bay-Johns A:104 Bay, Joseph-Parker, Emily A:200 Woodland, Eliza [daugher of James Woodland and Margaret Bay] to John Duncan "her parents of the girl being present and consenting". B:39 Bay-Napper 56. Daniel Prater household, 1850 Washington Co., MO, p. 154, age 45. Daniel Prater household, 1860 Washington Co., MO, p. 455, age 56 Daniel Prater household, 1870 Washington Co., MO, p. 92, age 63 Ann Prather household, 1880 Washington Co., MO, p. 84C, age 76 57. William W. Lewis household, 1850 Lawrence Co, AR, p. 246. 58. Green B. W. Bay headstone, Asher Cemetery, Dent Co., MO. 59. Estimate from marriage date. 60. William Prather household, 1850 Gentry Co., MO, p. 224, age 29 William Praither household, 1860 Gentry Co., MO, p. 799, age 40. William Prother household, 1870 Gentry Co., MO, p. 61, age 49. 61. Permelia Napper household, 1870 Dent Co., MO, p. 568, age 44. Permilia Knapper household, 1880 Shannon Co., MO, p. 383D, age 40. 62. Montgomery & Steward Funeral Directors, Inc., Mountain View Cemetery. 63. Joseph Bay headstone, Mountain View Cem., Pueblo, Pueblo Co., Colo. 64. Permelia A. Napper headstone, Burnett Cemetery, Rat, Shannon Co., MO. 65. Estimate from dates of other children. 66. Thomas Bay will, Jefferson Co., OH wills 2:10-11, FHL microfilm 0,900,044. 67. Ninian Bay headstone, Bay Cemetery, Shannon Co., MO. 68. Midge, "Bay Family Genealogy Forum," message 638, Genforum posting 30 June 2011. Died 4 Oct. 1821 in 75th year of his age [age 74].

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